Miracle of St. Peter
On the north side of the capital we see, to the left, two figures in short knee-length dress; they are flanked, to the right, by the Apostles John (IOH[ANNE]S) and Peter (PETR[VS]), who are represented as haloed men in long toga-like garments. John holds a book with the monogram of Christ.
Before a round-arched doorway representing the gate of the city (IHER[VSA]L[E]M) – on the west side of the capital – Peter heals the man lame since birth (CLAVD[V]S), who was begging for alms in front of the “Beautiful Gate” of Jerusalem , by grasping him by the arm.
On the east side a figure is sitting in the judge’s pose and raises his hands, of which one is covered by a cloth. He seems to be turning his gaze to the two men on the north side. This is presumably the representation of the Sanhedrin and its high priests, who pass judgement on the actions of Peter and John.
On the south side of the capital two men are represented: one is carrying a large stone; the other is holding a horn that could contain consecrated oil (like that with which Saul consecrated David): these are allegories of Peter’s answers to the Sanhedrin question, in whose name he exercised his healing powers. Peter answers metaphorically: “in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified […] This is the stone which was rejected by you builders, but has become the cornerstone” (Acts 4:7-11). The horn with the consecrated oil below the corner volute and the inscription “Jerusalem” could refer to the consecration of the new temple that Christ would erect. The miraculous healing of the lame man also refers to Christ’s miraculous deeds.